A lot of people battle with serious sleep issues. The International Classification of Sleep Disorders recognizes around eighty sleep-related issue. However, the prevalence, load, and management of sleep disorders are generally disregarded or neglected by people and society by and large.
“Sleep is an active state of recovery during which the optimal function of all body systems is reinstated. Sleep repairs and prevents the occurrence of chronic diseases such as cancer, diabetes, and obesity” (Filip, et al., 2017).
Sleeping Pills are Harmful
Sleep pills are so common in society, every other person who feels like having sleep disorder takes help from sleep medicine. There has been extensive evidence of the cost-effectiveness of treating patients with obstructive sleep apnea, particularly concerning its high prevalence, morbidity, mortality, and corresponding health care utilization. The fact that sleeping pills have a lot of side effects including memory impairment, people who really need pills also avoid it. CBD (cannabidiol) is a blessing in such circumstances when one needs medical assistance without any side effects.
The immense therapeutic potential advantages of CBD helps in the treatment of many medical ailments. CBD diminishes the level of anxiety, possess anti-inflammatory characteristics, aids seizures, treat pain, provide neuroprotection and promotes better sleep (ANXIETY HACK, 2018). CBD support physiological benefits generally by binding with CB1 and CB2 receptors on cells all through the body and brain. The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) has effectively eliminated CBD obtained from hemp from the category of prohibited substances
CBD and Sleep
CBD is a part of Cannabis sativa that has a wide range of potential therapeutic effects in neuropsychiatric and other illnesses. Few examinations have researched the conceivable interference of CBD on the sleep-wake cycle. A research was led to assess the effect of a clinically anxiolytic dose of CBD on the sleep-wake cycle of healthy subjects. The research concluded that CBD does not alter normal sleep pattern (Linares, Guimaraes, Eckeli, Crippa, & Zuardi, 2018).
A research known as Endocannabinoid modulation of cortical up-states and NREM sleep ended with the positive role of CBD in sleep pattern. The EC system effectively regulates cortical up-states and important features of NREM sleep, for example, its length and low-frequency cortical oscillations. (Pava, den Hartog, Blanco-Centurion, & Shiromani, 2014)
CBD on sleep-wake cycle in rats
To prove the effectiveness of CBD with sleep issues, it first experimented in rats. A research was conducted to examine the effects on sleep of acute systemic administration of CBD. The study concluded that the acute systemic administration of CBD seems to expand the entire sleep time, also enhance sleep latency in the light time of the day of administration. (Chagas, 2013)
Rest apnea is a serious sleep issue, individuals who experience the ill effects of sleep apnea get repeatedly awakened by their very own breathing due to the constricted airway. In this way, a person feels tired even after a snoring sleep. It can cause hypertension, pressure, diabetes, fatigue, etc. Studies have uncovered that CBD decreases sleep apnea, as it is a muscle relaxant. CBD may treat sleep apnea efficiently (Powell, 2018 ).
The effects of cannabis extracts were studied on nocturnal sleep, early-morning performance, memory, and sleepiness. Positive outcomes of Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and CBD on nocturnal sleep and early-morning behavior in young adults were observed (Nicholson, Turner, Stone, & Robson, 2004)
Chronic insomnia is among the common sleep disorders caused because of the severe depression, stress, and discomfort at night time. Numerous individuals say that CBD oil has helped them sleep soundly. CBD oil got from the cannabis plant, plays a vital role in sleep. It’s a non-psychoactive compound of cannabis that doesn’t trigger any changed conditions of consciousness. The compound terpene myrcene present in CBD goes about as a herbal sedative and enhances the quality of sleep. When one has a good quality of sleep, it helps body repair, better cognition, and enhanced immunity.
Disturbed sleep due to Depression
After any injury people commonly complain about specific things, for example, disturbing dreams, such dreams irritate healthy sleep pattern, due to this people lead to depression which eventually results in sleep disorder. PTSD(post traumatic stress disorder) patients experience the adverse impacts of sleeping issue due to horrible dreams and severe depression. It has been suggested by a clinical trial that PTSD’s major symptom, i.e. bad dreams have been controlled through CBD (Fraser, 2009). CBD efficiently helps terrible dreams and depression and helps in the correct peaceful sleep. CBD has been seemed to have anxiolytic properties in patients diagnosed with PTSD (Schier, Ribeiro, & Hallak, 2012).
ANXIETY HACK. (2018, Feburary 6). Is Cannabidiol (CBD): An Effective Anxiety Remedy? Retrieved from ANXIETYHACK.COM: http://www.anxietyhack.com/cannabidiol-cbd-nootropic-anxiety/
Chagas, M. H.-d.-S. (2013). Effects of acute systemic administration of cannabidiol on sleep-wake cycle in rats. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 312–316.
Filip, I., Tidman, M., Bennett, H., Wick, B., Rouse, N., Patriche, D., & Radfar, A. (2017). Public health burden of sleep disorders: underreported problem. Journal of Public Health, 25(3), 243–248.
Fraser, G. A. (2009). The use of a synthetic cannabinoid in the management of Treatment-Resistant nightmares in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). CNS neuroscience \& therapeutics, 15(1), 84-88.
Linares, I. M., Guimaraes, F. S., Eckeli, A., Crippa, A., & Zuardi, A. W. (2018). No Acute Effects of Cannabidiol on the Sleep-Wake Cycle of Healthy Subjects: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Crossover Study. Frontiers in pharmacology, 9, 315.
Nicholson, A. N., Turner, C., Stone, B. M., & Robson, P. J. (2004). Effect of $\Delta$-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol on nocturnal sleep and early-morning behavior in young adults. Journal of clinical psychopharmacology, 24(3), 305–313.
Pava, M. J., den Hartog, C. R., Blanco-Centurion, C., & Shiromani, P. J. (2014). Endocannabinoid modulation of cortical up-states and NREM sleep. PloS one, 9(2), e88672.
Powell, B. (2018 , May 4). New Research Shows That Cannabinoids May Treat Sleep Apnea. Retrieved from High Times: https://hightimes.com/news/new-research-shows-cannabinoids-may-treat-sleep-apnea/
Schier, A. R., Ribeiro, N. P., & Hallak, J. E. (2012). Cannabidiol, a Cannabis sativa constituent, as an anxiolytic drug. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria, 34, 104–110.